Pecsételt kerámia Ecser 7. lelőhely szarmata településéről

In this paper I presents the analysis of fragments originating from 57 vessels with a diverse stamped decoration unearthed at the archaeological site Ecser 7 (Hungary, Pest County). This number is unusually high in the Sarmatian Barbaricum; it compares only to number of such finds from the nearby si...

Full description

Saved in:
Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Szebenyi Tamás
Format: Book part
Published: 2020
Series:Monográfiák a Szegedi Tudományegyetem Régészeti Tanszékéről 7
Új nemzedék: a szegedi Régészeti Tanszék tehetséggondozásának elmúlt évtizedei : Ünnepi kötet B. Tóth Ágnes, Kulcsár Valéria, Vörös Gabriella és Wolf Mária tiszteletére 7
Kulcsszavak:Régészet - leletek
Subjects:
Online Access:http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/70885
Description
Summary:In this paper I presents the analysis of fragments originating from 57 vessels with a diverse stamped decoration unearthed at the archaeological site Ecser 7 (Hungary, Pest County). This number is unusually high in the Sarmatian Barbaricum; it compares only to number of such finds from the nearby site Üllő 5 (49 items). In the light of our present knowledge about stamped pottery, the finds can be divided into at least two distinct groups. Hemispherical bowls, which provide most of the finds, belong to the painted pottery that originates supposedly from the late Roman imperial period / Hunnic period. The subtype marked as B1.1 can be considered as direct imitation of the Drag. 37-type Samian ware (terra sigillata) based on the profile and ornamentation. Bowls in this group display a sharp difference in their petrography: subtype A is characterized by semifine paste and deep red coating with high gloss (Cat. No. 20, 35) while subtype B is recognized by the richness of coarse sand in the paste (Cat. No. 7, 24, 29, 33). The rest of the B1 group displays a high level of heterogenity in its attributes, so only the ornamentation can serve as the basis of creating further subcategories. Vessels in B1.2 have two rows of stamps in a similar fashion, but in a simpler design than those in the aforementioned B1.1 group (Cat. No. 4, 12). In contrast, vessels in B1.3 always have only one line of motifs (Cat. No. 1, 6, 8, 9, 16, 21, 31, 41, 48, 55). Conically shaped bowls represent a specific type of imported Roman vessels in the Sarmatian Barbaricum, as they are mostly concentrated in the foreground of Aquincum. According to the research by Anita Korom, groups can be created based on the different combinations of motifs. At site Ecser 7, the most common type of these bowls (R2.1) appears, decorated with rosettes and reverse S motifs (Cat. No. 26, 27, 47). This subgroup displays some degree of homogenity also concerning the profiles, so we can assume that the vessels were produced in the same workshop in Aquincum. The R2.2 subtype is characterized by rosette and segmented column stamps (Cat. No. 43, 50), while group R2.3 is represented by only one sherd decorated exclusively with secondary motifs (Cat. No. 34). The paste of the conical shaped bowls is characteristic and it can be distinguished from the aforementioned Barbarian pottery. Besides the coarse-grained limestone contained in their paste, their firing is also recognizable as the matrix usually displays a lighter tone in a thin zone towards the exterior surface. They probably belong to the earlier phase of the settlement from the 3rd century AD. There are some unique pieces of stamped pottery found at the site, too. Cat. No. 11 is a rare type of provincial ware, the analogies of which are known from Intercisa. It can be dated to the 4th century AD, connected to the last phase of Sarmatian-Roman trade. Cat. No. 45 and 49 are fragments of locally produced Sarmatian forms, but it is uncommon to see stamped decoration there besides red painted hemispherical bowls. Moreover, the placement of the shallow stamps on Cat. No. 45 is without any precedents, so it can be only considered as a unique attempt by a barbarian potter.
Physical Description:89-120
ISBN:978-963-306-733-8
ISSN:2062-9877