Az emancipáció Mózese és Józsuája
Glässer, Norbert Moses and Joshua of the Hungarian Jewish Emancipation The Hungarian Israelite perceptions of the Habsburg Dynasty’s role in the Emancipation The Jewish community perception of Francis Joseph was determined by the duality of Jewish attitudes towards the religious traditions of Judai...
Kronosz Kiadó - Szegedi Zsidó Hitközség
Pécs - Szeged
|Summary:||Glässer, Norbert Moses and Joshua of the Hungarian Jewish Emancipation The Hungarian Israelite perceptions of the Habsburg Dynasty’s role in the Emancipation The Jewish community perception of Francis Joseph was determined by the duality of Jewish attitudes towards the religious traditions of Judaism and the modern ideals of nation. Neology and Orthodoxy attributed to the ruler’s merit besides their own institutionalisation, also the social integration of the Jews, the granting of equal civil rights and their acceptance as an established denomination. Because of the social changes that had occurred in the lives of Jews, Francis Joseph was compared even in his lifetime to Moses, and this became a recurrent topos in the speeches of rabbis in connection with the death and succession, showing parallels to the liberation from Egyptian bonds. The editor-in-chief of Egyenlőség, Lajos Szabolcsi, who followed his father in that post, used comparisons to Moses and Joshua in writing on the connection between Francis Joseph and the heir to the throne Karl Franz Joseph. Just as Moses could not enter Canaan after the years of wandering in the wilderness, so Francis Joseph could not see the new world. After their long journey full of trials but with the promise of victory, his people(s) were being led on the road to peace by Charles, the heir to the throne who had grown up beside him and represented the new generation, like Joshua. Mourning for the great ruler who “liberated” the Jewish denomination and attention paid to the symbolic gestures of the new ruler were present in parallel in the press. The articles attempted to trace the attitude of the new ruler towards the Jews, from the process of preparation for the coronation right up to his first constitutional actions affecting the Jews. The prototype was the wartime perception of Francis Joseph, and his memory. He became the model and expectation regarding the new ruler. Charles IV was compared to him in emphasising continuity.|