Research on local varieties and biotypes of vine-growing in Buziaş-Silagiu area

Buziaş-Silagiu area has a tradition for the cultivation of vines in the western part of Romania. It is an area characterized by a very favorable climate and soil conditions, offering the possibility of successful cultivation of many varieties, from the earliest to more autumnal. The presence of nume...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Mos Victoria
Corporate Author: Traditions, innovation, sustainability (2011) (Hódmezővásárhely)
Format: Article
Published: Szegedi Tudományegyetem Mezőgazdasági Kar Szeged 2011
Series:Agrár- és vidékfejlesztési szemle 6 No. 1
Kulcsszavak:Biodiverzitás, Szőlőtermesztés
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Online Access:http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/76154
Description
Summary:Buziaş-Silagiu area has a tradition for the cultivation of vines in the western part of Romania. It is an area characterized by a very favorable climate and soil conditions, offering the possibility of successful cultivation of many varieties, from the earliest to more autumnal. The presence of numerous local varieties and biotypes in this area is an important source of biodiversity and production of authentic, specific vine and wine products. Some of these varieties have valuable agrobiological and technological features both for growers and consumers, but also for breeders: high production, high quality, drought resistance, frost resistance, tolerance to some diseases and pests. In recent years, consumer requirements are turning to ecological products, so finding those varieties with resistance to diseases and pests could cover an important market segment. Unfortunately, many of these varieties are in danger of extinction due to negligence or growers’ preference for foreign varieties. They are found only in small groves of familial households, therefore saving them from extinction and reinstating them into the national patrimony became an important objective. All these considerations determined us to do research and make observations in wine growing areas in the western part of Romania, to discover or rediscover those varieties and biotypes, which correspond to current market requirements, but also for preserving the growing germplasm. We made ampelographic, physical and chemical measurements of these varieties and studied the quality and quantity of production. In this paper we summarized, on production lines, the principal ampelographic features of the identified varieties.
Physical Description:471-475
ISSN:1788-5345