Diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in the rhizosphere of saffron (Crocus sativus) plants along with age of plantation in Taliouine region in Morocco

Saffron cultivation is a viable alternative for marginal areas where low soil fertility and water availability severely limit the cultivation of other crops with higher water and input requirments. Under these conditions, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are an essential alternative for maintainin...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Ourras Samah
Ouazzani Touhami Amina
El Modafar Cherkaoui
Benkirane Rachid
Msairi Soukaina
Selmaoui Karima
Chliyeh Mohamed
Mouden Najoua
El Aymani Ismail
EL Gabardi Soumaya
Douira Allal
Format: Article
Published: University of Szeged Szeged 2021
Series:Acta biologica Szegediensis 65 No. 2
Kulcsszavak:Biológia - molekuláris, Növénybiológia, Sáfrány, Gombák
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Online Access:http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/75593
Description
Summary:Saffron cultivation is a viable alternative for marginal areas where low soil fertility and water availability severely limit the cultivation of other crops with higher water and input requirments. Under these conditions, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are an essential alternative for maintaining fertility and water conservation, stimulating growth, and providing plant protection against soil-borne diseases. The aim of this work is to highlight the diversity of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi communities associated with saffron roots in plantations of different ages (two, four and ten years old) in the region of Taliouine (Morocco). The highest number of endomycorrhizal spores was recorded in the rhizosphere of saffron plants harvested at the level of plots that have carried saffron for two years (138.66/100 g soil), while the lowest number was observed in the rhizosphere of plants of plots that are occupied for 10 years by saffron. All collected spores from plots under study represent 17 morphotypes belonging to 5 genera: Glomus (7 species), Acaulospora (7 species), Rhizophagus (one species), Densicitata (one species), and Funneliformis (one species).
Physical Description:199-209
ISSN:1588-4087