Az egészséges környezethez való jog érvényesülése szálló por szennyezettség esetén
Beside PM10 and PM2.5, the Directive 2008/50/EC on ambient air quality in force imposes regulations concerning sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, lead, benzene, carbon monoxide and the ozone-content of the troposphere. The Directive sets limit values and target dates for the reduction of suspended p...
|Series:||Szegedi Jogász Doktorandusz Konferenciák
Alapelvek és alapjogok 5
|Kulcsszavak:||Környezeti jog, Környezetvédelmi jog - Magyarország|
|Summary:||Beside PM10 and PM2.5, the Directive 2008/50/EC on ambient air quality in force imposes regulations concerning sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, lead, benzene, carbon monoxide and the ozone-content of the troposphere. The Directive sets limit values and target dates for the reduction of suspended particulate matter. When the Directive came into force, PM10 got its own limit value in Hungary, first among EU members, following the Swiss model. The new directive extends legislation to PM2.5, although it does not set limit values as the member states found compliance too difficult. As a first step, target values have been set. From 2010, the target value to meet is 25 micrograms/m3 in a calendar year, from 2015, however, 25 microgram/m3 is the obligation value. 20 micrograms/m³ has been set as an indicative limit value, which is to be met by 1st of January, 2020. The effect of suspended particulate matter is highly dependent on the exposure time, therefore EU legislation distinguishes between daily and annual limit values. According to the Directive 2008/50/EC in one calendar year the threshold cannot be exceeded more than a given times, in the case of PM10, for example, the 24-hour limit value cannot be exceeded more than 35 times in any calendar year. According to the Government Decree 306/2010 (XII.23.) on the protection of air, a short-term action plan and a smog alert-plan shall be drawn up and implemented in settlements where there is a risk of smog and the conditions of continuous measurements are met. These plans determine the level of air pollution at which measures are to be taken. These measures have two degrees: information and the alert state, the latter accompanied with actual constraints. In case of smog, the population has to be informed. Information state is declared when the short-term exposure to suspended particulate matter exceeding thresholds poses danger to especially sensitive groups of inhabitants, such as children, the elderly and the ones suffering from chronic diseases. Although PM10 pollution is one the greatest environmental problems in Hungary, since joining the EU there has been vast improvement. The source of more than a half of the Hungarian PM10 emission is the population, a quarter comes from traffic. At local level air pollution in settlements derives from traffic, in rural areas from residential combustion. Proportions are varied, in summer traffic, in winter heating is dominant. The adoption and implementation of European Union measures to address emission at source contributes most efficiently to improving air quality. These measures, however, are not suitable on their own to guarantee compliance with limit values, further action is needed on regional or local level. No member state is able to tackle these problems alone, its efforts would fail because of another state’s passivity. Everywhere in Hungary we have to strive to guarantee citizens the right to a clean and healthy environment.|