Dido vétke Vergilius Aeneisében

The essay is based on J. L. Moles’ proposition, who applies Aristotle’s criteria to Virgil’s writing, specifically to the character Dido. According to his point of view Dido is a tragical heroine, so it is reasonable to identify the sin or hamartia that generated the queen’s downfall. While explorin...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Juhász Éva
Corporate Author: Collegium Hungaricum Societatis Europaeae Studiosorum Philologiae Classicae : Országos konferencia
Other Authors: Vergilius Maro Publius
Format: Book part
Published: 2013
Series:Enargeia : a Collegium Hungaricum Societatis Europaeae Studiosorum Philologiae Classicae VII. Országos Konferenciáján elhangzott előadások
Kulcsszavak:Latin irodalom története - ókor
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Online Access:http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/71407
Description
Summary:The essay is based on J. L. Moles’ proposition, who applies Aristotle’s criteria to Virgil’s writing, specifically to the character Dido. According to his point of view Dido is a tragical heroine, so it is reasonable to identify the sin or hamartia that generated the queen’s downfall. While exploring the historical literature on the topic, it is possible to detect Virgil’s innovation in developing the female character. He achieves this by transforming myths into history, and composing the Carthigian Queen’s life into an actual tragedy. It is obvious from Virgil’s text that Dido’s sin is the consequence of her affair with Aeneas or least closely related to it. Therefore, it is reasonable to examine again the circumstances and stages of the love between Dido and Aeneas. The essay explores Dido’s character from two aspects as she is a queen with political commitments but at the same time she is a woman whose decisions are influenced by her feelings towards Aeneas and the gods’ will. The essay disagrees with Mole’s and Otis’ proposition, according to which Dido’s sin is neglecting her political duty. It does not agree with Glover’s opinion either, which says that Dido’s sin is sacrificing her sense of right for her affections and inclinations. The opinion reflected in Austin’s, Willam’s and Quinn’s propositions is dubious as well, as it suggests that Dido’s sin is considering her relationship with Aeneas to be a legitimate marriage. The argument is based on the repeated analysis of Virgil’s description, as several points in the text convey the impression that the queen’s and Aeneas’ marriage is valid and legitimate. The essay acquiesces Rudd’s point of view, which considers Dido’s sin to be impeding Aeneas in fulfilling his destiny imposed to him by the Fatum, but at the same time it enhances the nature of Dido’s love and the complexity of these issues. The essay also discusses the topic of free will, as it raises the issue of to what extent could the nuptial with Aeneas, the violation of pudor or breaking the resolution made to Sychaeus be considered to be Dido’s own decisions.
Physical Description:108-113
ISBN:978-963-306-199-2