Mária alakja a Veszprém megyei reformátusok vallásgyakorlatában adatok a XVIII-XX. századból /

From the second half of the 17th century to the end of the 18th century the Calvinist population of Transdanubia was regularly offended and harassed. Churches were occupied and robbed, school masters were sent away and replaced by licentiates, people were putinto prison, priests were tormented and c...

Full description

Saved in:
Bibliographic Details
Main Author: S. Lackovits Emőke
Format: Book part
Published: 2001
Series:Szegedi vallási néprajzi könyvtár 7
Boldogasszony : Szűz Mária tisztelete Magyarországon és Közép-Európában 7
Kulcsszavak:Mária-tisztelet - Magyarország, Folklór - magyar, Népi vallásosság - magyar, Ikonográfia - keresztény
Subjects:
Online Access:http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/69966
Description
Summary:From the second half of the 17th century to the end of the 18th century the Calvinist population of Transdanubia was regularly offended and harassed. Churches were occupied and robbed, school masters were sent away and replaced by licentiates, people were putinto prison, priests were tormented and condemned to the galleys. Those true to their faith had to suffer from constant humiliation. Due to all these offences all the Roman Catholic religious symbols, including the figure ofVirgin Mary, became undesirable, even hateful for Calvinist believers. On the other hand the peculiar historic situation had an influence on them: constant fighting within the church accompanying the spreading and consolidation of the Reformation, the late separation of the Lutheran and Calvinist branch, also the Protestants living together with Roman Catholics. All these, again the fact, that all Protestant denominations broke away also from Roman Catholic church, - not at the same time - brought about a few Catholic elements to survive up to now in the practise of Protestant folk religion. The theological rationalism and liberalism of the 19th century also contributed to certain individuals and communities becoming especially open to Roman Catholic faith or to its particular phenomena appealing strongly to human emotions. As a result the veneration of Virgin Mary is noticeable as well to a certain extent. This special veneration is different in the villages with a Calvinist majority or with frequent mixed marriages, again in families of mixed denomination. Since the 16th century the church has officially rejected the role of Blessed Mary as a mediator. Members of communities type one have taken their stand to this principle. Blessed Mary is respected as the mother of God - especially by women -, but her role as a mediator has not been accepted. In communities type two, where mixed marriages are frequent, this rejection is not obvious. In families of mixed denominations - communities type three - especially if the wife is Protestant, Blessed Mary can be venerated and accepted as a mediator. While the Calvinist husband remains indifferent. The special veneration ofVirgin Mary among Calvinist believers at present can be considered only as a unique case, the typical behaviour of the fallible human expressing appeal full of hope. Respect towards the mother who does everything for her child, children is also in the background. The image of Virgin Mary in Calvinist folk religiosity is more tinged than it was first thought. Constant and patient research work should be carried out in order to give a general idea of this image.
Physical Description:291-301
ISBN:963 482 319 X
ISSN:1419-1288