Csallóközből a Viharsarokba - a csehszlovák-magyar lakosságcsere dél-alföldi vonatkozásainak vizsgálata az oral history módszerével

If we want to discuss the problems of nationality and identity after World War II, we have to mention the Czechoslovak-Hungarian population exchange. During this exchange, the Czechoslovak government wanted to completely exchange the Hungarian population of the Felvidék (Upper Hungary) for Slovak pe...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Szántai Márk
Corporate Author: Eötvözet (2.) (2013) (Szeged)
Format: Article
Published: 2013
Series:Acta Szegediensia Collegii de Rolando Eötvös Nominati : Eötvözet 2
Kulcsszavak:Kitelepítés - magyarok - Szlovákia, Kitelepítés - szlovákok - Magyarország, Szájhagyomány
Online Access:http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/55599
Description
Summary:If we want to discuss the problems of nationality and identity after World War II, we have to mention the Czechoslovak-Hungarian population exchange. During this exchange, the Czechoslovak government wanted to completely exchange the Hungarian population of the Felvidék (Upper Hungary) for Slovak people. The reason was the principle of collective sinfulness (in regard to Hungarian and German people), and the clear aim: to create a homogeneous Czechoslovak nationstate. To carry this out, they had two ways: deportation (but this opportunity was successful only in regard to the German because of the Western Powers) and population exchange. The alternative of population exchange was “reslovakisation”, which means if Hungarian people declared that they were Slovak, they could remain in their homes. Most people didn’t want to do it, so they had to take part in the exchange. The agreement was signed by the two countries on 27th February 1947, and it has relations to the Beneš-decrees which ordered the deprivation of rights for Hungarian people living in Czechslovakia. To analyse this topic, I had chosen the method of “oral history”, so I interviewed six people (living in Békés county, Southeastern part of Hungary) who survived this population exchange. These interviews tell us how they have survived this event, what they were able to bring with them, and how they started new life. I have made six interviews, because this research is in just in an initial stage, but I definitely want to continue: not only in this region, but also in Transdanubian areas, which were also affected by the population exchange.
Physical Description:106-117
ISBN:978-963-306-223-4
ISSN:2062-8439