Subregional economic and innovation contribution of Hungarian Universities

Several success stories prove that universities are able to significantly influence regional development. Partially due to this fact a number of regions have created development strategies to strengthen the regional effects of universities and to motivate the academic sphere for a more intense invol...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Bajmócy Zoltán
Lukovics Miklós
Format: Book part
Published: 2009
Series:SZTE Gazdaságtudományi Kar közleményei
Regional competitiveness, innovation and environment
Kulcsszavak:Regionális gazdaság - Magyarország, Regionális fejlesztés, Tudományos kutatás - felsőoktatás - Magyarország, Innováció
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Online Access:http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/36195
Description
Summary:Several success stories prove that universities are able to significantly influence regional development. Partially due to this fact a number of regions have created development strategies to strengthen the regional effects of universities and to motivate the academic sphere for a more intense involvement in regional economic development also in the postsocialist transition economies. In spite of this, it is not obvious whether the significant regional contribution of universities is a rule or rather an exception. On the top of this the validity of the relevant results of the literature can not be unambiguously extended to transition economies. Present paper aims to measure the contribution of Hungarian higher education institutions to regional economic and innovation performance. On the one hand, it attempts to adapt the methodology of a former US study of Goldstein and Renault to a transition economy, and instead of regional to sub-regional (LAU-1) level. One the other hand it expands the focus of their method, and connects the role of universities to complex territorial innovation performance, and especially to knowledge exploitation ability. It concludes that universities have significant contribution to overall local innovation performance, but very limited contribution to the knowledge exploitation ability. This contribution is too forceless to result in the dynamic improvement of the local economic performance or in the rise of the local incomes.
Physical Description:142-162
ISSN:1588-8533