Bredai békeszerződés Breda, 1667. július 31.
The Tretay of Breda between England and the United Netherlands ended the Second Anglo-Dutch War of 1665-1667. The Treaty of Peace, Alliance, Navigation and Commerce was concluded by Sir Henry Coventry and Denzil Hollis from England and Hieronymus Be verni к from Holland, Pieter De Huyberl from Zeela...
Békeszerződés Anglia és a Holland Egyesült Tartományok között : Breda, 1667. július 31
|Kulcsszavak:||Békeszerződés - angol-holland - 1667|
|Summary:||The Tretay of Breda between England and the United Netherlands ended the Second Anglo-Dutch War of 1665-1667. The Treaty of Peace, Alliance, Navigation and Commerce was concluded by Sir Henry Coventry and Denzil Hollis from England and Hieronymus Be verni к from Holland, Pieter De Huyberl from Zeeland and Allard Jongestal from Friesland in the Dutch city of Breda on July 31,1667. The conference was attended by the Dutch Republic, England, France, Denmark and Sweden. The Peace Treaty of Breda regulated that no compensation would be paid for any losses and no prizes or goods that had been taken during the war would be restored. This principle of иti possidentis was vital in the guidelines the Dutch side received. Surinama (northern South America) and Polaroon or Pulo-Run (the island of Run in Indonesia) remained in Dutch hands. English commerce had lost the Indonesian archipelago and precious spices. But New Amsterdam (New-York), New Jersey and Daleware were kept by England. The Treaty regulated sailing in the Channel. The English demand that all ship lower their flag in the Channel was the cause of the opening the First Anglo-Dutch War. The flag salute would respected in the peace of Breda. All Dutch ships had to lower their ensigns when they met an English men of war. However the Dutch had demanded recognition of the right to freely sail the seas. The treaty also contained the general and free exchange of prisoners. Only the costs of maintenance had to be paid for. The Navigation and Commerce Treaty of Breda regulated sailing. The navigation and the trade would be free. All proclamations and acts against the liberty of navigation and trade should be abrogated. The Navigation Laws (1651,1660) were modified and the Dutch were now allowed to ship German goods to England. Leaders of the Dutch Republic felt that an honourable peace had been achieved. The peace treaty reconfirmed the status of the Republic as a strong, independent participant in the arena of international politics. The peace agreement had been a necessity for England. The war and the peace in many respects was a complete failure for the Monarchy. The treasury of Charles II. was almost empty The war had been disastrous for English commerce. The plague (in August-september, 1665), the Great Fire of London (on September 2-5, 1666) and naval confrontations had caused depression in trade. Nevertheless England kept New Amsterdam.|