Assessing the immediate effect of Covid-19 lockdown on air quality a case study of Delhi, India /

In India, a nationwide lockdown due to COVID-19 has been implemented on 25 March 2020. The lockdown restrictions on more than 1.3 billion people have brought exceptional changes in the air quality all over the country. This study aims to analyze the levels of three major pollutants: particulate matt...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Sikarwar Ankit
Rani Ritu
Format: Article
Published: 2021
Series:Journal of environmental geography 14 No. 3-4
Kulcsszavak:Levegőszennyeződés mérése - India, Koronavírus járvány, Világjárvány
Subjects:
doi:10.2478/jengeo-2020-0009

Online Access:http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/75841
Description
Summary:In India, a nationwide lockdown due to COVID-19 has been implemented on 25 March 2020. The lockdown restrictions on more than 1.3 billion people have brought exceptional changes in the air quality all over the country. This study aims to analyze the levels of three major pollutants: particulate matter sized 2.5 m (PM2.5) and 10 m (PM10), and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) before and during the lockdown in Delhi, one of the world’s most polluted cities. The data for PM2.5, PM10, and NO2 concentrations are derived from 38 ground stations dispersed within the city. The spatial interpolation maps of pollutants for two times are generated using Inverse Distance Weighting (IDW) model. The results indicate decreasing levels of PM2.5, PM10, and NO2 concentrations in the city by 93%, 83%, and 70% from 25 February 2020 to 21 April 2020 respectively. It is found that one month before the lockdown the levels of air pollution in Delhi were critical and much higher than the guideline values set by the World Health Organization. The levels of air pollution became historically low after the lockdown. Considering the critically degraded air quality for decades and higher morbidity and mortality rate due to unhealthy air in Delhi, the improvement in air quality due to lockdown may result as a boon for the better health of the city’s population.
Physical Description:27-33
ISSN:2060-467X