Vietnam jogi kultúrája
The relationship of the Vietnamese referring to the law is not only unique through European glasses but also in Southeast-Asia. Thanks to the millennial history of Viet Nam, the state was influenced by numerous external impulses and it has undergone an internal development which has resulted an extr...
|Series:||Szegedi Jogász Doktorandusz Konferenciák
Jog és kultúra 9
|Kulcsszavak:||Jogtörténet - Vietnám|
|Summary:||The relationship of the Vietnamese referring to the law is not only unique through European glasses but also in Southeast-Asia. Thanks to the millennial history of Viet Nam, the state was influenced by numerous external impulses and it has undergone an internal development which has resulted an extremely diverse legal culture. The paper’s aim is to present how this South-eastern-Asian country came to where it is today. The political structure of Viet Nam is based on Marxist-Leninist foundations, this is also stated by the Vietnamese constitution. Why is it possible that the socialist system has been able to endure in Vietnam today? Why do Vietnamese people accept authority without a sting? These questions can be answered after a thorough examination of Viet Nam’s history. Viet Nam’s specialty on the Indochina Peninsula is that, unlike the other countries in the region, it does not belong to the Indian, but to the Chinese culture. This is due to its geographic features, as a mountain chain separates it from other Indochina people and from India, while it was able to develop a direct relationship with China. Indeed, the Vietnamese ethnicity practically came into existence from a Sino-Malay mix. So it is no wonder that one of the most important elements in the Vietnamese culture is thanks to the Chinese: Confucianism. The Vietnamese have lived for centuries through strict Confucian teachings. These principles have contributed to the acceptance of the social hierarchy and the one-party system and dictatorship today. However, it is important to highlight the North-South conflict, which did not emerge after the colonial war, but existed from the beginning of the country’s birth. To explain this conflict, we also find geographic reasons. Southern areas have been conquered by the North in several decades, where the ethnic groups lived under Indian influence since these southern territories were not separated by any geographical barrier from the main cultural flow of Indochina. Consequently, much softer social conditions were created in the South, and the relations with the law were more loose than in the North. We can reverse the question: is it possible that the division of the country along the 17th degree of latitude after the colonial war was the making of the North-South conflict? For this reason, is it possible that the Vietnamese Communist Party was formed in the North rather than in the South? Colonialism has left non-negligible clues in the functioning of the state and in the Vietnamese people’s lives. First of all, we must not think of the emergence of European political systems or political thinking, but of the resistance emerged against the French colonizers which opposition has crucial importance until today. The Vietnamese legal culture and thinking are extremely rich. Each historical event is inherently integrated into the country’s organization and made the phenomenon we call today Vietnam, a very complex one.|