Antioxidant and hepatoprotective property of squalene for counteracting the oxidative damage induced by methotrexate in experimental rats

Methotrexate (MTX), an antifolate drug, is extensively prescribed for patients suff ering from diseases like cancer, psoriasis, neoplasms, and rheumatoid arthritis. Despite its eff ectiveness, MTX sometimes fi nds limited application because its undesirable side eff ects, including hepatic or renal...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Sumi Edakkukaran Sudhakaran
Dara Pavan Kumar
Mannuthy Rosemol Jacob
Ganesan Balaraman
Anandan Rangasamy
Mathew Suseela
Format: Article
Published: 2020
Series:Acta biologica Szegediensis 64 No. 2
Kulcsszavak:Állattan
Subjects:
doi:10.14232/abs.2020.2.199-206

Online Access:http://acta.bibl.u-szeged.hu/73070
Description
Summary:Methotrexate (MTX), an antifolate drug, is extensively prescribed for patients suff ering from diseases like cancer, psoriasis, neoplasms, and rheumatoid arthritis. Despite its eff ectiveness, MTX sometimes fi nds limited application because its undesirable side eff ects, including hepatic or renal impairment, bone marrow toxicity and gastrointestinal mucosal injury. Squalene, a highly unsaturated isoprenoid compound, isolated from shark liver oil has great potential in neutralizing the damaging eff ects triggered by free radicals. Therefore, in this study, the protective role of dietary squalene supplementation on oxidative stress induced by methotrexate in experimental rats was evaluated. A signifi cant reduction was displayed in the activities of catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in MTX-intoxicated groups compared to other groups. Similarly, the activities of glutathione dependant enzymes (GPx and GST) and reduced glutathione (GSH) in MTX-induced groups were shown to be lower compared to the untreated control. Increased LPO (lipid peroxide) level was found in MTX-intoxicated groups compared to other groups. In addition, alterations in the levels of liver marker enzymes like AST, ALP, ALT, and LDH were noticed in MTX intoxicated groups compared to other groups. Biochemical results were confi rmed by the histopathological examination of liver sections. In conclusion, the result obtained in the present study proposes that squalene exerts antioxidant activity and is capable of ameliorating oxidative stress and liver injury induced by MTX.
Physical Description:199-206
ISSN:1588-4082